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China's education policies on Tibet
2011/10/12
 Chinese Central Government's Fourth Forum on Work in Tibet had determined to implement a series of preferential policies for Tibet's education to promote the continuous and rapid development of its education.

"We have free food, dormitory and education. We really appreciate it." Tsewang Lhagye, a six-grade primary school student in Gertse Town, Ngari, told the reporter. On top of that, his tuition and incidental expenses were also exempted. The school also offers free toothpaste, towels, clothes and so on to students.

"Three Guarantees" policy is a special preferential policy issued by the Chinese Central government towards Tibet. "Three guarantees" means the state guarantees all tuition as well as food and lodging expenses for students from Tibet's farming, pastoral or impoverished urban families from the pre-school period all the way to the senior high school period.

In 2011, Tibet poured over 100 million yuan in the "Three Guarantees" policy, whose beneficiaries include children of Tibetan peasants and herders from kindergarten to high school. Tibet also raise the subsidy standards of the "Three Guarantees", and about 500,000 students is benefit from this policy.

Song Heping, head of Tibet Department of education said that Tibet had included non-compulsory education, ie, pre-school education and senior high school education (including normal high school and vocational high school) into the "Three Guarantees" policy.

Since January 1, 2011, each children of Tibetan peasants and herders can receive 2,000 yuan subsidy every year, of which 1,800 yuan is board expenses, and 200 yuan is for clothing, study article, etc. Each student from Tibetan peasants and herders' families in frontier counties can receive extra 100 yuan per year.

The reporter also learnt that not only children in Tibetan kindergartens and high schools could enjoy free education; some parts of Tibet also implemented the "Free University education". Nyemo town in Lhasa began to exempt tuition of students who entered university from peasants' and herders' families and urban low-income families.

Head of Nyemo County, Guoguo said, "after the implementation of the policy, none has no access to education due to financial problems. Here parents all send their children to schools with high enthusiasm."

Song Heping said that "Three Guarantees" policy is a great renovation in the history of Chinese education. During the 11th"Five-Year-Plan"period, the enrollment rate of Tibetan primary schools reached 99.2%, and the junior middle school 98.2%. Tibet's basic education has entered a new stage of development.

Education used to be the privilege of nobility and monks in old Tibet under the feudal serfdom system. Serfs had never been treated as "people" in suppressed and savage state until Tibet was peacefully liberated.

From: China Tibet Online
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